Over the years , “Antibiotics” have been tossed about and used inappropriately to the point that a most widely used antibiotic like “Penicillin” has lost a great deal of its effectiveness. Penicillin is no longer as useful against some infectious conditions that not so long ago, were completely controlled by this so called “wonder-drug”.

Today there are many strains of staphylococcal organisms that no longer respond to penicillin therapy. These bacterial strains have developed a resistance to the drug. Fortunately, other types of antibiotics are available to the medical and dental professions.

Because of the mis-use and over use of penicillin over time, many patients have developed allergic reactions to penicillin and its derivatives. In these cases,a competent dentist or MD will be aware and prescribe an alternative antibiotic like, a Tetracycline or Erythromycin broad spectrum antibiotic.

All that been said, just how much information do you actually know about antibiotics ? Do you know how they work ? Do you really care how they work ? Perhaps a better understanding of what an “Antibiotic ” is might help us stop abusing their use and altering their effectiveness !

By definition from Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary 23rd edition, an Antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by a microorganism which has the capability and capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth of or destroy bacteria and other microorganisms used largely in the treatment of infectious diseases of man, animal and plants.

There are basically two types of antibiotics; The Bacteriostatic type which only inhibits the growth of bacteria while the other Bactericidal type actually kills and destroys the bacteria.

The most commonly  known antibiotics currently are, Penicillin, Amoxycillin, Tetracyclines and Supfonamides. Examples of bacterioststic antibiotics are; protein synthesis inhibitors, chloramphenicol and Erythromycin. Examples of bactericidal anttibiotics are: penicillin, vancomycin and fluoroquinolones.

I should mention that although Erythromycin is a classical example of a bateriostatic antibiotic, it will destroy and kill streptococcal pneumoniae organisms. Penicillin will destroy and kill both staphylococcal Aureus and streptococcal pneumoniae organisms.

I mentioned earlier that Penicillin is one of the more commonly known antibiotics. Two types come to mind, penicillin V and penicillin G . Penicillin is an antibiotic derived from Penicillium fungi. It was discovered in the early 40s by an pharmacist and biologist named Alexander Flemming. Its discovery was historically significant because it was the first drug to become  effective against previously serious diseases like syphilis and streptococcal and staphylococcal infections.

Although many types of organisms have become resistant to penicillin, they are still widely used today !

Some adverse effects that are associated with the use of penicillin are;  Diarrhea, hypersensitivity, nausea, body rash, urticaria ( a vascular reaction of the skin), superinfections including Candidiasis.Some more frequent side effects are are; elevated fever,vomiting,erythema (a morbid redness of the skin), dermititis ,angioedema ,seizures ( especially in epileptics) and peudomembraneous colitis.

The broad spectrum antibiotics called Tetracyclines are often used when penicillin is contradicated because of its undesireable side effects or ineffectiveness in treating a specific infection.They are generally used in the treatment of infections of the , respiratory tract, sinuses, middle ear, urinary tract, intestines and gonorreha.

Unfortunately today, tetracyclines are not as widely used due to the widespread resistance development in the causative organisms….. Much like penicillin.

Tretracyclines should not be used by pregnant or lactating women or in very young children whose teeth are still in the developing stages. They are known to cause a very undesireable,  yellowish, brown, gray  staining of the teeth. This type of staining is intrinsic and cannot be readily (easily) removed .

The Sulphonamides are a sulpha related group of antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections and some fungal infections. They are sometimes referred to as sulpha or sulfa drugs. They are a synthetic antimicrobe and because sulpha allergies are quite common, should be prescribed very carefully.

Sulfonamides were the first anti-microbial drugs used and paved the way for the “antibiotic revolution in medicine. Their use thrived through the early years of the 2nd World War II. They were considered the wonder drug before penicillin was discovered in the early 40s.

If you have knowlege of a undesireable side effect or allergy to a specific antibiotic, it is absolutely essential  that you let your MD or dentist know ! When you are precribed an antibiotic make sure you read and follow the instructions precisely. Do not stop taking the antibiotics when your sysmptoms begin to subside. ……………………Take the full amount prescribed over the prescribed period of time given ! 

Do not use someone else’s prescription if you think you have an infection and do not use prescriptions that are outdated. Always seek professional advice before taking any medication for any reason.

Attempting to diagnose your own illness is highly unadviseable !

Comments Are Closed!!!
Amazon Shop powered by Amazon Store Plugin for WordPress available via Themes Town